Avocados will not ripen on the tree. They must be picked from the tree to initiate ripening. The leaves supply a substance that prevents ripening. The best way to store avocados is to leave them on the tree; they will store for 7 months or more when left on the tree.
• Storage below 40 degrees F or above 70 degrees F will cause rot.
• Some varieties will spoil below 50 degrees.
• Ripen at room temperature (60 - 70 degrees F), then store at 45 degrees F.
• Ripening in a paper bag with over ripe bananas is often used to speed up the ripening process.
Avocados, grown in California and Florida, are available all year.
Two general types, and a number of varieties of each, are grown.
Depending upon type and variety, avocados vary greatly in shape, size, and color. Most tend to be pear-shaped, but some are almost spherical. Fruits weighing under 1/2 pound are most commonly available. Some have rough or leathery textured skin, while others have smooth skin. The skin color of most varieties is some shade of green, but certain varieties turn maroon, brown, or purplish-black as they ripen.